A legislative work group says Oregon has more work to do to safeguard and expand access to abortion and other reproductive health services.
Oregon is the only state with no restrictions on abortion — the Legislature removed penalties four years before the U.S. Supreme Court legalized it nationwide in 1973 — and lawmakers wrote guarantees of access into state law in 2017.
Voters also have rejected five ballot measures between 1986 and 2018 to ban or restrict abortion or public funding of abortions.
House Speaker Dan Rayfield announced the group in May. The announcement was ahead of the U.S. Supreme Court decision on June 24 overturning its 1973 ruling for a federal constitutional guarantee — but came after a draft of that decision had been leaked on May 2.
Rayfield, a Democrat from Corvallis, said this in testimony Wednesday to the House Health Care Committee:
"Oregonians have clearly affirmed their support for making abortion and other care safe and accessible to all.
"But I want to be clear: The right to access an abortion does not mean abortion care is accessible.
"In response to the leaked draft of the opinion this May, thousands of Oregonians took to the streets to protest. There was a shared understanding that the future of reproductive health rights in the country was in jeopardy.
"We knew we couldn't be complacent while other states were preparing to roll back protections and attempting to criminalize health care access."
The recommendations come about one month before the 2023 Legislature opens its session Jan. 9.
Attorney General Ellen Rosenblum also testified to the committee.
"While Oregon still has some of the strongest protections in the country, we also border a state — Idaho — with a near total abortion ban.
"As your attorney general, my promise to Oregonians is simple: the Department of Justice will never stop defending your reproductive rights. I want to thank the Speaker's Office for bringing these stakeholders together, including from my office, to ensure that Oregon continues to be a leader in protecting full access to reproductive health care for all who need it."
Though abortion is legal throughout Oregon, the only such services available east of the Cascades are in Bend, far from the Oregon-Idaho border.
Also testifying were two legislators in the work group, Sen. Kate Lieber and Rep. Andrea Valderrama, both Democrats from Portland. Lieber is the new Senate majority leader and Valderrama continues as the House majority whip. The other legislators are Rep. Travis Nelson of Portland, a nurse, and Sen. Elizabeth Steiner of Beaverton, a physician.
No Republicans voted for Oregon's 2017 law guaranteeing access to abortion.
The work group's report proposes policy, administrative and budget recommendations to protect, strengthen and expand equitable access to all forms of reproductive care. Recommendations include:
• Improve access to care in medically underserved regions of the state.
• Build up the health care workforce and expand opportunities for continued learning.
• Protect individuals in Oregon from criminal and civil liability for receiving, supporting, or providing reproductive and gender-affirming care.
• Close gaps in insurance coverage for patients.
• Invest in patient and consumer education and outreach.
• Protect Oregonians from misleading and biased medical claims by crisis pregnancy centers.
• Expand existing rights to access health services.
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