IMNAHA CANYON — It’s not the average horse that you’ll find at Dawn and Eddy Medley’s ranch in the Imnaha Canyon. In fact, it wasn’t so long ago many of the horses were running wild as mustangs throughout the West.
“I love doing this because they (the mustangs) have no choice,” says Dawn Medley, co-owner of Medley’s Mustangs. “They lost their families, and that’s what these horses are all about — family. I want to be able to connect them to a ‘family’ and to love them for as long as they live.”
Medley’s Mustangs is an operation just downriver from Imnaha that helps train and adopt out mustangs gathered from the overpopulated herds descended from once-domesticated horses brought to the New World by the Spanish. They’ve since reverted from their domesticated state to become feral animals — and their numbers are growing like crazy.
“The herds can double in four to five years if not managed properly,” Dawn says. “You could have 1,000-1,200 horses where they say you could only manage 150-250 horses. Horses eat (available forage) straight down to the ground, unlike cows, where they’ll leave some of the grass. (Horses) are pretty hard on the ground.”
Roaming largely on land managed by the federal Bureau of Land Management, regular attempts are made to cull the herds and find owners and trainers to take them under the BLM’s Wild Horse and Burro Program. The Medleys’ nearly 18-acre operation is one of those where they currently have a half-dozen or so horses.
“We originally started in September of 2018,” Dawn says. “I became a TIP (Trainer Incentive Program) trainer and we got our first (mustang) in October, so through the Bureau of Land Management, I’m basically a self-contractor. The BLM partners up with the Mustang Heritage Foundation and they help fund the program throughout the United States.”
Overpopulation and slaughter
It’s the rapid growth of the herds that makes for an issue involving both the government and horse lovers.
“They can double in four to five years,” Dawn says.
For example, she says, at the Beatys Butte Herd Management Area near Lakeview the last gather was in 2015. The BLM gathered 100 horses, removed 50 and returned 25 mares using fertility control. She adopted one in 2015.
In another herd, 1,500 were gathered in 2015 and returned only 100 — 60 studs and 40 mares to the range.
“Now, six years later, they’re gathering them again,” she says, though she’s unsure of the herd’s current numbers.
“There are a lot of horse advocates out there for the wild mustangs, too, who say, ‘Hey, this is an American heritage, a living symbol of the historic and pioneer spirit of the West.’ But you really have to look at it as overpopulation,” she says. “It’s just like with people. You have to manage it somehow or it’s just going to get out of control. I don’t want to say I believe in slaughter, but …”
Dawn said she’s aware of three horse slaughterhouses in Canada and five in Mexico. The last three in the U.S. closed in 2007 under pressure from animal-rights groups. But was that the best solution?
“Even the loving horses that you’ve raised from birth, people will take quarter horses … and unfortunately, there’s a bad rap going on for the (BLM’s Adoption Incentive Program) right now,” Dawn says.
She finds herself divided on the issue of slaughterhouses.
“I can’t say ‘yea’ and I can’t say ‘nay’ because of where my heartstrings are. (For example) I have my Palomino here. He’s 20. What if he goes lame and gets hurt? Do I want to send him out to pasture? Can I keep him financially?” she says. “I mean, seriously, I’ve got another guy out here I took from the county, in Joseph, he’s a pasture pet. He came to me crippled after I did my evaluation and he’s a domestic-born Paint and unfortunately, the person before me, messed him up. I can’t do anything with him so he just eats my pasture and just looks pretty. Do I have money and time for that? No. But am I going to send him to an auction house? No, I can’t. That would probably, most likely for him, mean slaughter, and it’s not fair to him, so my heartstrings say, no. Now, what other people do in their own time, that is not my concern. Everybody has a choice and if they choose to do that, then it’s their choice.”
Dawn spends hours each day working with her mustangs learning the idiosyncrasies of each.
“I troubleshoot what each horse will let you do,” she says.
The first difficult chore, once a mustang has been brought to where it will be trained, is to get a halter on it. Keeping the bridle on can be a chore, too. One mare, CoCo, was an example.
“She’s still learning that touches aren’t going to hurt her and what is OK and what isn’t OK,” Dawn says. “She lost her halter the other day and it took my husband about 10 minutes to get it back on.”
She has to find ways to gradually get horses used to being touched.
“When people try to put a bridle on a horse, the horse is like, ‘Don’t touch me.’ They’re very sensitive up here,” she says, touching CoCo’s head.
Dawn is still trying to get her wildest mustang to relax around her. Girlfriend was only two weeks out of the wild.
“It took me about a week to be able to touch her,” Dawn says.
She often uses a long stick with a string on it much like is used to direct show hogs. It gets the mustang used to being touched.
“She’s the wildest,” Dawn says. “She’s the most apprehensive about being touched.”
She coos and talks to to Girlfriend, allows Girlfriend to get used to Dawn’s smell to get Girlfriend used to her and calm down.
“This is just basically teaching her that I’m not going to kill her,” she says. “When they realize that I’m not going to kill them, they really start settling down.”
Preparing for adoption
Under the BLM’s Adoption Incentive Program, the horses remain government property and an adopter signs a one-year contract to ensure they properly care for the horse. Adopters must show they have sufficient feed, water, pasture, a trailer and can pay veterinarian expenses.
Under the program, an adopter pays $25 for the recently captured mustang and in about two months, receives from the government $500 to help cover costs of training. Dawn says about two months prior to the conclusion of the contract, the government gives another $500.
“It’s an incentive to get more people to adopt more mustangs that are completely wild,” she says. “The government would really like you to take that $500 and send that horse to a trainer rather than just spend it — put it toward the animal instead of toward your personal gain.”
She charges $125 for a horse that goes to an adopter.
“It may be the most-expensive $125 you spend, but I’ve got three and I will never go back to domestic,” she says.
What about burros?
The Medleys stick with horses, they said, since true to their reputation, burros can be stubborn.
“I don’t really like them. I did one,” Dawn says.
“You’re on ‘donkey time,’” Eddy says. “You do it when they want to do it.”
Their lone experience with a burro did have some positive effects.
“Our 6-year-old did really good with the burro,” Eddy says.
“She named her ‘Pop Tart.’ It was cute,” Dawn adds.
Home on the range
The Medleys love what they do and where they do it. Their ranch is about 5 miles downriver from Imnaha and the 18 acres have hardly a flat spot among them.
“It’s almost all vertical,” Eddy says.
He’s the one who did the lion’s share of building the ranch before he came down with a disability.
They have a garden and a wide variety of fruit trees. They also have a boar, a sow and a litter of piglets, along with chickens and dogs.
Dawn’s two older kids from her first marriage are grown and gone, but her daughter recently made Dawn a grandmother. The two younger kids, ages 6 and 9, help on the ranch and attend school in Imnaha.
But in the three years they’ve been training and taming mustangs, the Medleys seem to have found their calling.
“We have a motto: To get as many wild-to-mild mustangs out of the corrals and find the loving adoptable homes,” Dawn says. “Also, to watch something so majestic and ‘wild’ become your partner and become one with them” she finds fulfilling.