ENTERPRISE — Northeast Oregon is wild, scenic and recreational. If a bill just introduced to the U.S. Senate becomes law, more local streams will officially become wild, scenic, or recreational, too.
The River Democracy Act of 2021, written and co-sponsored by Oregon senators Ron Wyden and Jeff Merkley, would add nearly 4,700 miles of rivers and streams in Oregon to the National Wild and Scenic Rivers system, bringing the total length of protected rivers in Oregon to almost 6,900 miles, or 6.2% of the state’s 110,994 miles of streams. That includes more than 700 miles in Wallowa, Union, Baker and Grant counties. The new designations include many tributaries important to fish, as well as portions of main stem rivers here and across Oregon.
“Rivers and streams are Oregon’s lifeblood,” Wyden said. “More protected rivers and clear management objectives means more jobs, improved wildfire resiliency and a guarantee for the livability of Oregon.”
Wallowa County Commissioner John Hillock was cautious about the proposed designation, especially on private lands.
“It looks as though there will be some impact to private landowners in the Crow Creek-Chesnimnus drainages,” he said. “Private landowners should be compensated if they can’t develop. I’m not in favor of putting undue burdens on private property owners in (agency-developed) management plans.”
Union County Commissioner Donna Beverage expressed concerns about duplicating protection for endangered species and increasing wildfire threats.
“This proposed act has the potential to restrict customary use, limit economic opportunity and erode the multiple-use character of Union County,” she said. “It will not provide any economic benefit and will have negative impacts on legal water users.”
The specific protections for each designated stream-reach will be determined by a management plan developed by the U.S. Forest Service or other agency designated in the bill.
The vast majority of the proposed designations are on federal lands. The bill has language to ensure that nothing in the bill would affect private property rights on the short stretches on private lands, according to Wyden spokesman Hank Stern.
The new legislation includes the requirement that federal land managers assess wildfire risks in the stream corridors, implement a plan to reduce wildfire risks to homes and businesses near Wild and Scenic Rivers, assist local governments mitigate wildfire risks and restore water quality should a fire strike near a Wild and Scenic River.
“This is a remarkable achievement by Sen. Wyden,” said Gregg Haller, executive director of the Pacific Rivers Council. “It’s a landmark effort to build climate resiliency into our watersheds, including concerns for drought, increased wildfire, stream temperatures for fish habitat. It’s a very forward-looking bill and it makes Oregon the leader in this area.”
The list of streams is long. But all streams and reaches, and their proposed designations, are listed in the River Democracy Act of 2021. It can be downloaded at https://www.wyden.senate.gov/download/river-democracy-act-of-2021-bill-text
In Wallowa County, about 440 miles of rivers and streams in the drainages of Joseph Creek, the Imnaha, the Grande Ronde and the Snake River are included in the bill.
It includes extending the Snake River’s designation in Oregon from the current 66.9 miles to 71.4 miles by including the reach from Cache Creek to the Oregon-Washington line. Portions of previously-undesignated creeks that drain into the Snake, Imnaha, Grande Ronde and Wallowa rivers are included. For example, the Snake River tributaries Cache Creek, Knight Creek, Cook Creek and most of Jim Creek would be designated as wild rivers.
The Imnaha River and its tributaries get an upgrade, with the upper six miles of the Imnaha designated wild, the 58 miles from Indian Crossing to Cow Creek recreational, and the last four miles, Cow Creek to the Snake River designated as scenic. The upper 17.4 miles of Lightning Creek, the upper 16.9 miles of Horse Creek and upper 17.1 miles of Cow Creek, all on the Wallowa Whitman National Forest, would be designated wild.
In Big Sheep Creek, the new legislation would classify the 12-mile segment from the Eagle Cap Wilderness boundary to the USFS boundary as well as another, lower 3.4 mile stretch that also flows through USFS management as scenic.
Similarly, Joseph Creek, and many of its tributaries receive designations including 38.1 miles of Joseph Creek designated as wild and 19.5 miles of upper Chesnimnus Creek labeled as recreational. Devil’s Run Creek and Peavine Creek would be designated as wild, as would portions of Deadhorse and Cottonwood creeks.
The Grande Ronde River’s basin include about 210 miles of newly-designated streams. That includes 42.2 miles of the lower river designated wild, as well as 10 miles of the river’s headwaters in the Elkhorn Mountains. The stretch from the confluence with Wallowa River to the Umatilla National Forest would be designated as recreational. Grande Ronde tributaries receiving designations include the upper portions of Catherine Creek, 8.7 miles of Lookingglass Creek and 9.5 miles of Indian Creek.
Additional protection is provided for the North Fork of the John Day River, the South Fork of the John Day River, the Power River and the portions of its tributaries in the Wallowa Whitman National Forest, including Dutch Flat, Van Patten, Rock and Killamacue creeks.
More than 2,500 individuals and organizations nominated approximately 15,000 miles of streams according to Wyden and Merkley’s joint press release announcing the bill.
The Nez Perce Tribe nominated 109.7 miles of streams for inclusion in the new legislation, including 21.05 miles of Joseph Creek owned by the bureau of Land Management along with the Nez Perce Tribe, and 18.83 miles of Broady Creek on U.S. Forest Service and Nez Perce Tribal land as well as a small amount of private property. These and other nominated streams are especially important to wild steelhead, providing an estimated 30.7% of these fish within the Grande Ronde River Basin, according to the Nez Perce Tribe’s nominating letter.
“The waterways of the Nez Perce Tribe’s homeland, which include what is today Northeast Oregon, hold particular significance for our people. The opportunity to provide additional protections through Wild and Scenic designation to areas, such as the Joseph Creek Watershed in Northeast Oregon, that have critical cultural and ecological resources important to our tribal members, is a welcome one and we appreciate Sen. Wyden’s leadership on this issue,” said Shannon Wheeler, chairman of the Nez Perce Tribal Executive Committee.
The Rivers Democracy Act of 2021 is now being reviewed by the U.S. Senate’s Energy and Natural Resources committee. It’s hard to predict when it might reach the Senate floor for a vote, Stern said.